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next to / between / in front of / in back of
- Adam is next to Bob.
- Bob is between Adam and Carla.
- Don is in front of Bob.
- Carla is in back of Don.
- Adam is on the left.
- Ellen is on the right.
- Don is in the middle (of the group).
across from / in front of
- Anne is sitting in front of Bruce.
- Anne is sitting across from Christa.
- Christa is sitting across from Anne.
by (= next to)
- Our house is by the ocean. (= next to the ocean)
- Who is that man by the window?
- ”Is there a pay phone here? “Yes, by the door.”
- The cat is under the table.
- The girl is standing under a tree.
- I’m wearing a jacket under my coat.
above and below
- A is above the line. (= higher than the line)
- B is below the line. (= lower than the line)
- The pictures are above the shelves.
- The shelves are below the pictures.