[English] Listen to …, look at …, etc. (Verb + Preposition)

ask somebody for

  • A man stopped me and asked me for money.

belong to

  • Does this book belong to you? (= Is this your book?)

happen to

  • I can’t find my pen. What happened to it?

listen to …

  • Listen to this music. It’s great!

look at

  • She’s looking at her watch.
  • Look at these flowers! They’re beautiful.
  • Why are you looking at me like that?

look for

  • He lost his key. He’s looking for it.
  • I’m looking for Sarah. Have you seen her?

speak/talk to somebody about

  • Did you talk to Paul about the problem?
  • (on the phone) Can I speak to Chris, please?

take care of

  • When Pat is at work, a friend of hers takes care of her children.
  • Don’t lose this book. Take care of it.

thank somebody for

  • Thank you very much for your help.

think about … or think of …

  • He never thinks about (or of) other people.
  • Mark is thinking of (or about) buying a new car.

wait for

  • Wait for me! I’m almost ready.

write and call

write (to) somebody

  • I never get letters. Nobody writes to me. (or Nobody writes me.)

call somebody (no preposition)

  • I have to call my parents. (not call to …)


depend on으로 말한다. We say depend on …:

  • A: Do you like to eat in restaurants?
    B: Sometimes. It depends on the restaurant. (not it depends of)

on을 쓰거나 안써서 it depends what/where/how로 말할 수 있다. it depends what/where/how, etc., with or without on.

  • A: Do you want to go out with us?
    B: It depends where you’re going. (or It depends on where you’re going.)

[English] On, at, by, with, and about


on vacation
on television
on the radio
on the phone
on fire
on time (= not late)

  • Tracy isn’t at work this week. She’s on vacation.
  • We watched the news on television.
  • We listened to the news on the radio.
  • I spoke to Carol on the phone last night.
  • The house is on fire! Call the fire department.
  • ”Was the train late?” “No, it was on time.”

at (the age of) 21 / at 50 kilometers an hour / at 100 degrees, etc.

  • Lisa got married at 21. (or … at the age of 21)
  • A car uses more gas at 70 miles an hour than at 55.
  • Water boils at 100 degrees Celsius.

by car / by bus / by plane (or by air) / by boat / by bicycle, etc.

  • Do you like traveling by train?
  • Can you get there by bike?

그러나 도보로는 on foot. But: on foot

  • You can’t get there by car. You have to go on foot.

a book by … / a painting by … / a piece of music by …, etc.
(the tile) by (the writer)

  • Have you read any books by Charles Dickens?
  • Who is that painting by? Picasso?

수동태 다음에 by. by after the passive

  • I was bitten by a dog.

with / without

  • Did you stay at a hotel or with friends?
  • Wait for me. Please don’t go without me.
  • Do you like your coffee with or without milk?
  • I cut the paper with a pair of scissors.

a main with a beard / a woman with glasses, etc.

  • Do you know that man with the beard?
  • I’d like to have a house with a big yard.

talk/speak/think/hear/know about …

  • Some people talk about their work all the time.
  • I don’t know much about cars.

a book / a question / a program (etc.) about

  • Did you see the program about computers on TV last night?