[English] Next to, between, under, etc.

next to / between / in front of / in back of

  • Adam is next to Bob.
  • Bob is between Adam and Carla.
  • Don is in front of Bob.
  • Carla is in back of Don.
  • Adam is on the left.
  • Ellen is on the right.
  • Don is in the middle (of the group).

across from / in front of

  • Anne is sitting in front of Bruce.
  • Anne is sitting across from Christa.
  • Christa is sitting across from Anne.

by (= next to)

  • Our house is by the ocean. (= next to the ocean)
  • Who is that man by the window?
  • ”Is there a pay phone here? “Yes, by the door.”


  • The cat is under the table.
  • The girl is standing under a tree.
  • I’m wearing a jacket under my coat.

above and below

  • A is above the line. (= higher than the line)
  • B is below the line. (= lower than the line)
  • The pictures are above the shelves.
  • The shelves are below the pictures.

[English] 장소 2

I’m at Olympic Park: 올림픽 공원에 있어요.
at과 in 차이: in은 외곽이나 앞이 아닌, 가운데에 있다. at은 안 어딘가에 있을 때.
I’m at school: 저 학교에 있어요. (위치가)
I’m in school: 학교에 다녀요. (학생이다). what do you do 의 답이 됨.
I’m in class: 수업 중이예요.

the와 a 차이: 여러 올림픽 공원이 있다면 the Olympic Park. 그러나 여러개 아니니까 the 안붙임. 그래서 이름이 있을 때는 거의 the가 없음.

I’m standing in front of DasomOLI building: 나 DasomOLI 빌딩 앞에 서있어.

in front of / in the front of의 차이:
in front of the bus: 버스 앞에서
in the front of the bus: 버스 안인데 앞.
He’s standing in the front of the line: 줄에 서있는데 앞쪽에 서있다. 줄은 안서 있는데 그냥 그 줄 앞이면 in front of.

I’m on the green line: 2호선 안이야.
I’m on bus number two: 2번 버스 안이야.
get on bus number 10 = get on the one ten bus